Petroleum engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the exploration, production, and extraction of oil and natural gas. The responsibility of a petroleum engineer is proven to be a fulfilling career. They are directly concerned in the demand and supply of energy consumption all over the world.
They are responsible for developing the most effective methods of drilling and extracting oil and gas for as well overseeing and managing the technical and operating procedures. Their duties also include discovering new ways to extract and recover the remaining oil and gas from the well. They evaluate and assess reservoirs to determine if they are commercial and profitable.
Petroleum engineers manage and maintain the equipment they operate, help solve problems and issues, and supervise the completion of wells. There are various job specializations such as reservoir, drilling, production, and completion engineers. A reservoir engineer identifies the most efficient way to recover oil from a deposit and determine the pricing.
A drilling engineer determines the most effective and safest technique in drilling a well. A completion engineer, on the other hand, decides how to complete and finish the well while a production engineer monitors and oversees the production process.
Basic Education and Degree
If your dream is to become a future petroleum engineer, you can pursue your education and training by acquiring an undergraduate degree and graduate program. There are also other options such as mentorship programs to help in the advancement of your career. For entry level positions, a bachelor’s degree is required.
A number of petroleum companies initiate internship programs for students while others can obtain additional knowledge through training programs conducted by professional institutions. A master’s degree can help you in the advancement of your career while a PhD will provide teaching opportunities and research development.
For those who want to work as a petroleum engineer, a degree in Bachelor of Science in Petroleum Engineering is a good way to start your career. Above average and excellent math and science skills are required for you to get accepted. Most courses tackle subjects on thermodynamics, analysis on drilling and well design, subsurface geology, reservoir recovery, and fluid chemical properties.
If you decide to pursue a master’s degree, you can go through a practice or research-based program. Practice-based programs help students maximize their skills and at the same time provide specialization. A research-based program, on the other hand, is for students who want to advance towards a doctorate degree.
There are training courses that are available online such as e-mentoring programs for students and starting professionals. Topics include fundamentals of reservoir stimulation, test analysis on pressure, water production control methods, production log evaluation, and enhanced chemical recovery.
A degree in petroleum engineering can lead you to work in different fields of specialization such as drilling engineer, production engineer, reservoir engineer, environmental safety specialist or groundwater hydrologist. Other potential job offers include managerial position, safety engineer, environmental specialist or consultant.
According to research and studies, the profession of a petroleum engineer will continue to rise in the next 5 years. There are many career opportunities and growth in this sector.